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INQUEST launches report: Deaths in mental health detention: an investigation framework fit for purpose?
On Wednesday 11 February, in parliament, INQUEST launches a ground breaking evidence based report Deaths in Mental Health Detention: An investigation framework fit for purpose? The report is based on INQUEST’s work with families of those who have died in mental health settings and related policy work. It identifies three key themes:
1. The number of deaths and issues relating to their reporting and monitoring.
2. The lack of an independent system of pre-inquest investigation as compared to other deaths in detention.
3. The lack of a robust mechanism for ensuring post-death accountability and learning.
It documents concerns about the lack of a properly independent investigation system unlike deaths in prison and police custody which are independently investigated pre-inquest and the consistent failure by most Trusts to ensure the meaningful involvement of families in investigations.
Ultimately, it highlights the lack of effective public scrutiny of deaths in mental health detention that frustrates the ability of NHS organisations to learn and make fundamental changes to policy and practice to protect mental health in-patients and prevent further fatalities and argues for urgent change to policy and practice.
Deborah Coles, Co-Director of INQUEST said
“There are an alarming number of deaths in mental health settings that are not being properly investigated because of the lack of transparency and independence in the current investigation process. Bereaved families and the wider public can have no confidence in a system where Trusts investigate themselves over deaths that may have been caused or contributed to by failures of their own staff or systems.
It is anomalous that these investigations into deaths of extremely vulnerable people are less rigorous than those in other forms of detention. INQUEST is calling for a new fully independent system for investigating these deaths. A more open and learning culture could help to safeguard lives in the future.”
Michael Antoniou, husband of Janey Antoniou who died in mental health detention, said,
“I could never have gone through the investigation and inquest process on my own without the support of INQUEST. The trust was more concerned about deflecting criticism than establishing the truth. My experience since Janey's death has made it crystal clear that there is an absolute need to have independent investigations.”
Lord Patel of Bradford, former chair of the Mental Health Act Commission, said,
"Deaths in mental health settings, including a number of child deaths, is worryingly high. I believe that we must do a great deal more to address the needs of people who suffer from mental health problems to protect vulnerable adults and children, and to prevent deaths in mental health detention. Therefore, I support INQUEST’s commitment to promote change and fight for improvements to policy and practice, to safeguard the most vulnerable in our society."
Mark Winstanley, CEO of Rethink Mental Illness, said,
“This report highlights really serious issues about the lack of transparency and accountability. The high number of deaths put down to ‘natural causes’, which are not being investigated full stop is a major issue. Our concern is that as things stand, it is impossible to tell how many of these deaths are resulting from preventable physical health conditions, which might have been avoided if people had received proper medical treatment in inpatient care.
“We need a fully independent system for investigating all deaths in these circumstances, so that any failures in care can be exposed and acted upon. The families of people who have died in inpatient care deserve nothing less.”
Notes to editors:
1. The Executive Summary is at the beginning and highlights key findings.
2. The launch takes place 11 February, in the Wilson Room in Portcullis House from 16.00 – 17.30 and will hear from Deborah Coles, Co-Director of INQUEST, Michael Antoniou, husband of Janey Antoniou who died in mental health detention, Lord Patel of Bradford and former chair of the Mental Health Act Commission, Virendra Sharma, Labour MP for Ealing, Southall and Health Committee Member, Mark Winstanley, CEO of Rethink Mental Illness. A number of bereaved families will also be attending and contributing to the discussion.
‘l can not thank you all enough for the help and support you have given us over our terrible loss. If it wasn’t for INQUEST, we would not have been able to deal with the faults of the prison system, and try and make some changes. Once again thank you all and thank you for being there if ever l needed to speak to someone.’
– Mother of a young man who died in prison